Xylene is a chemical compound commonly used as a solvent in various industrial and commercial applications. With its high solubility and low toxicity, it offers a safe and effective solution for dissolving substances. Its versatile nature makes it a valuable tool for many industries, including pharmaceuticals, printing, and paint production.
Mixed Xylenes (a mixture of isomers)
CAS Number: 1330-20-7
Chemical Formula : C₈H₁₀
Average Molar Mass: Approximately 106.16 g/mol
Density: The density of Xylene may vary slightly depending on the isomer but is typically around 0.86 g/cm³ at 25°C.
Appearance: Xylene is a clear, colorless liquid at room temperature.
Odor: Xylene has a sweet, aromatic odor.
Applications and Uses:
Solvent: Xylene is widely used as a solvent in various applications, including paint and coating formulations, printing, adhesives, and chemical synthesis.
Laboratory Research: It is used in laboratories as a solvent, especially for tissue processing, staining, and microscopy.
Petroleum Industry: Xylene is used in the petroleum industry for oil refining processes.
Chemical Manufacturing: It serves as a reactant or intermediate in the production of chemicals.
Ink and Printing: Xylene is used in the production of inks and as a cleaning agent in the printing industry.
Storage and Handling Guidelines:
Store Xylene in a well-ventilated area away from open flames, heat sources, and direct sunlight.
Keep containers tightly closed to prevent evaporation and reduce exposure to air.
Use appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE), such as gloves and safety glasses, when handling Xylene.
Avoid contact with skin, eyes, and clothing. In case of contact, wash thoroughly with water.
Xylene is flammable and should be handled with caution. It has a flash point of approximately 25°C (77°F).
It is harmful if inhaled, swallowed, or absorbed through the skin.
Prolonged or repeated exposure to Xylene may have adverse health effects, including damage to the central nervous system and respiratory system.
Use Xylene in well-ventilated areas or under fume hoods to minimize exposure.
Follow safety data sheets (SDS) provided by the manufacturer or supplier for detailed safety information, first-aid measures, and emergency procedures.
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