Sodium sulfate is a versatile chemical compound that is used in a variety of industries. It is known for its ability to act as a viscosity modifier, emulsifier, and anticaking agent. With its high solubility and low cost, sodium sulfate is an essential ingredient in many manufacturing processes.
CAS Number: 7757-82-6
Chemical Formula: Na₂SO₄
Average Molar Mass: Approximately 142.04 g/mol
Density: The density of sodium sulfate may vary depending on its form and concentration, but it is typically a solid at room temperature.
Appearance: Sodium sulfate is typically found as a white crystalline solid.
Applications and Uses:
Detergent Industry: Sodium sulfate is commonly used as a processing aid and filler in the detergent industry, especially in powdered detergents.
Chemical Industry: It serves as a source of sodium and sulfate ions in various chemical processes.
Textile Industry: In dyeing and printing textiles, sodium sulfate is used as a leveling agent to help evenly distribute dyes.
Paper Industry: It may be used in paper manufacturing processes to improve pulp quality.
Pharmaceuticals: Sodium sulfate is used in some medicinal products and as a laxative.
Storage and Handling Guidelines:
Store sodium sulfate in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight and heat sources.
Keep containers tightly sealed to prevent moisture absorption and contamination.
Follow specific storage instructions provided by the manufacturer or supplier.
Use appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) when handling sodium sulfate, including gloves and safety glasses.
Avoid inhalation of dust. Ensure good ventilation in areas where sodium sulfate is handled.
Sodium sulfate is generally considered non-toxic when used according to recommendations.
It may cause irritation to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract upon contact or inhalation. In case of contact, rinse affected areas with water. In case of inhalation, move to fresh air.
Personal protective equipment, including gloves and safety glasses, should be worn when handling sodium sulfate.
Follow safety data sheet (SDS) provided by the manufacturer or supplier for detailed safety information and first-aid measures.
Dispose of sodium sulfate and its containers in accordance with local regulations.
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